Essay on Tihar 1000 words
Essay on Tihar: – Tihar festival is also known as Deepawali. Tihar is about five-days-long festival celebrated by Hindu peoples in Nepal as well as the some Indian states of Assam and Sikkim together with Darjeeling district of West Bengal.
As we all know, Tihar is the festival of lights, as diyas and candles are lit inside and outside of almost every houses in order to make it illuminate at night. As per the Bikram Sambat calendar, this festival i.e. Tihar begins with Kaag Tihar and ends with Bhai Tika in Dwitiya of Kartik Shukla Paksha every year.
As we know, Tihar is the second popular festival after Dashain of Nepal. Nepalese peoples celebrate this festival willingly and interestingly likewise Dashain. Deepawali is taken to be of huge importance as it demonstrates contribution to not just only for the humans and the gods, but also for the animals such as crows, cows, and dogs which sustains a never ending relationship with humans.
People draw different kinds of patterns on the floor of living rooms, in courtyards, in gardens as well as in front of house using various materials like rice, colors, flower, flour, sand or petals of flowers too .
Mostly, it is called as Rangoli. Rangoli is meant to be a holy welcoming spot for the Gods along with Goddesses of Hinduism primarily Goddess Laxmi i.e. known as goddess of wealth.
The very first day of Tihar is known to be Kaag Tihar. Here, Kaag denotes crows. Crows and ravens are worshiped by offerings of sweets and dishes placed on the roofs of houses.
The cawing of crows and ravens symbolizes sadness and grief in Hinduism, so devotees offer crows and ravens food to avert grief and death in their homes. Tihar represents the divine attachment between humans and other animals.
The following day i.e. second day of Tihar is known to be kukur Tihar. Here, kukur denotes dog. On this day, peoples treat as well as worships dogs with the help of garlands, tika along with delicious food and praise the loved relationship between humans and dogs.
It is a fact that, Dogs take up a very special position in Hindu mythology. So in almost every home as well as in streets they get special treatment in this day in contrary of other days. As mentioned in the Mahabharata, Bhairava, a fierce manifestation of Lord Shiva, had a dog as Bahan.
Yam raj, also known as the god of death, is assumed to own two security dogs – each dog containing four eyes. The dogs are said to watch over the gates of hell. Due to this faith, this day is as well worshipped as Naraka Chaturdashi.
The third day of Tihar is called Gai Tihar as well as Laxmi Puja. Here, Gai denotes cow and Laxmi puja denotes worship of goddess of wealth. Garlands of marigolds are prepared for the decoration.
Houses, offices and commercial complexes are decorated with garlands in the morning of Laxmi Puja. In Hinduism, cow signifies prosperity and wealth. In ancient ages people took a lot of advantages from the cow. Not only in ancient time but also today.
Advantages includes materials such as milk, dung, also urine of cow is utilizable for the purposes of purification in Hindu society. So, on this day people present their thankfulness to the cow with the help of garlands and feeding them with the best grass. Houses are cleaned and the doorways and windows are decorated with garlands made of Sayepatri (marigolds) and makhamali (Gomphrena globosa) flowers.
In the evening of that day, goddess Laxmi; the goddess of wealth is worshipped for all the blessings that were bestowed on the families by lighting oil lamps (Diyo) or candles on doorways and windows to welcome prosperity and well being.
Most of readers don’t know that Laxmi Puja also marks the birthday of widely admired and honored greatest poet of Nepali language i.e. Laxmi Prasad Devkota.
The fourth of Tihar is known as Govardhan Puja. On the fourth day of Tihar, people celebrate this day on the basis of their cultural background. Primarily, ox is worshipped in this day by providing various kinds of tasty foods as well as fruits.
It is observed as Goru Puja (worship of the oxen). People who follow Vaishnavas perform Govardhan Puja, which is worship towards Govardhan Mountain. Cow dung is assumed to be the representative of the mountain and it is also worshiped. For people of Newar community, this day is seen as the beginning of the new Nepal Sambat calendar year.
The fifth moreover last day of Tihar festival is Bhai Tika. Here, Bhai tika denotes Worship of Brothers by sisters. It is performed by sisters by applying tika in the foreheads of their brothers to bless them with long life and thank them for the protection they provide.
It is assumed that Yam raj, the God of Death, went to his sister, Goddess Yamuna, on this day during which she applied the auspicious tika on his forehead, garlanded him and fed him special dishes. By staying together, they ate sweets, talked as well as enjoyed.
Before leave taking, Yam raj gave her sister a special gift as an indication of his love and as the return gift, Yamuna gave him a gorgeous gift which she had prepared with her own hands. From that day, Yam raj told that anybody who takes tika and blessings from his sister will never ever die on that day.
Sisters make a lovely garland for their brothers from a flower known as makhamali. Brothers take a seat on the ground while their sisters carry out their puja.
The puja has a traditional practice in which sisters round brothers, by applying oil on the floor from a copper pitcher and applying oil to their brother’s hair, following which a seven-color tika is applied on the brother’s forehead. Next, brothers give tika to their sisters in the same fashion with an exchange of gifts.
This practice is performed no matter either the brother is small or big than the sister. Those without a sister or brother join relatives or friends for tika. This festival makes the relationship between brothers and sisters even stronger.