Essay on corruption 2500 words
Essay On Corruption: – From time immemorial, corruption in the Nepalese society has prevailed in one form or the other. The fundamental beginnings of corruption began with our opportunistic leaders who have already done our nation greater damage. People working on the right principles in modern society are unrecognized and considered foolish.
Nepal corruption is the result of the link between bureaucrats, politicians and criminals. Previously, bribes were paid to get things done wrong, but now bribe is paid to get things done right at the right time.
In addition, in Nepal, corruption has become something respectable because it involves respectable people. Social corruption such as less product weighing, adulteration in edible items, and various kinds of corruption have prevailed in society incessantly.
In the present age, if a person wants a government job, he must pay lakhs of rupees to the higher officials regardless of all the eligibility criteria being met. One has to either give money to the employee concerned in each office or arrange for some sources to get work done.
In the department of food and civil supplies, there is adulteration and duplicate weighing of products by unscrupulous workers who cheat consumers by playing with people’s health and lives.
The officers charge money in assessing property tax even if the house is properly built in accordance with government rules and regulations. They are doing corruption against law for simply fulfilling their own pockets with money.
In context of Nepal, political corruption is worst. Politics today is only intended for criminals and criminals in politics. Elections have been associated with a host of criminal activities in many parts of the country.
Threatening voters to vote for a particular candidate or physically preventing voters from entering the polling booth – particularly weaker sections of society such as tribals, dalits and rural women often occur in several parts of the country.
This clearly demonstrates how politicians are in constant thirst for monetary benefits and are not concerned about people’s welfare. Tax evasion is one of corruption’s most popular forms. It is practiced mostly by government officials and politicians that lead to the accumulation of black money that in turn spoils people’s morale.
Corruption is capitalism’s systemic disease. Since we cannot treat a disease without killing its pathogens, without destroying the system that creates it, we cannot end corruption. It is only possible to eliminate corruption by eliminating the detrimental root causes of capitalism, namely private education, private healthcare, poverty, hunger, landlessness, unemployment, unfair competition, harassment, oppression, and various forms of exploitation.
Therefore, the only way to end corruption is to destroy the system of capitalism and establish a socialist system with equality, freedom, justice, development, peace and humanity. But what forces you to get involved in it? It’s the system acting on it. For the general people, the capitalist regime creates such a situation that pushes them to earn and save extra money. This can only be done for a government official by receiving it as a bribe or commission.
Again, there comes into play the demand and supply rule of’ mighty’ capitalism. For some capitalist cause, somebody needs money. And for some other capitalist cause, somebody gives it. Two causes of capitalism coincide in creating corruption. Under this system, therefore, it is not possible to eliminate corruption.
Causes of corruption
The human being’s nature is the most important factor. People generally have a great thirst for luxuries and comforts and as a result become involved in all unscrupulous activities that result in monetary or material benefits. Moral and spiritual values are not given the utmost importance in the educational system, which is highly responsible for society’s deterioration.
The human being’s nature is the most important factor. People generally have a great thirst for luxuries and comforts and as a result become involved in all unscrupulous activities that result in monetary or material benefits.
Moral and spiritual values are not given the utmost importance in the educational system, which is highly responsible for society’s deterioration. These days, people have become extremely greedy. They want to earn more than their relatives and friends and in this mad rush to realize their dreams; they do not hesitate to use corrupt means.
If a person wants to do his job, he will get it done through corruption if possible and later criticize the corrupt official. The corrupt officials will have no choice but to work in a corruption-free way if the public stands united against corruption in such a way that no one is willing to offer bribes to get their work done.
Offering money and other things during the election, politicians try to lure the people. They lead a luxurious life and are not even concerned with society. Nepal’s people are not awakened and enlightened. They are afraid to raise their voice against the anti-social elements that prevail in society.
By talking about him negatively, people begin to ignore the corruption official. But when they work with him or her, they come back to them thinking that the work will be done if some monetary benefits are provided.
Personal greed leading to an unbridled desire for money or power, regardless of moral boundaries. Decline of personal ethical sensitivity, either due to lack of education or negative learning experiences, developed through past downplay of perverse behavior. Is it time with sincerity and repentance for a personal reassessment.
When working in public or private institutions, no sense of service. For example, this is seen in those who use politics for their selfish interests, rather than through politics serving the common good. Low awareness or lack of courage to denounce corrupt conduct and corruption-friendly situations. This is the case with someone who is conscious of corruption and remains silent.
Lack of transparency, particularly at institutional level, but also in less formal organizations. Knowing that everyone sees what you do. Regulations and ineffective controls. The answer is probably not increased regulations and control mechanisms. They are expensive and tend to stifle administrative dynamics and initiatives.
But why not have better regulation in areas prone to corruption and more effective control. In promotions, lack of moral criteria. Corruption occurs when there are no criteria in the promotion for proven integrity and responsibility. If someone is promoted simply because of their loyalty to whoever is in charge or those in control of the party, such criteria are ignored.
If they only evaluate their strategic or organizational skills. Obviously, when making a promoter, someone may be wrong, but there should be no problem distinguishing between a simple mistake and guilty ignorance due to negligence or a lack of ethical assessment. Little decision-making power within organizations to penalize corruption acts by setting examples creates an environment conducive to corruption perpetuating.
Corruption is an age-old phenomenon and now a days can be seen everywhere. In public life, it’s like a cancer. Corruption in Indian Civilization is widespread and has caused the human kind maximum suffering. Political elite emerging that believes in interest-oriented. Artificial scarcity created by malevolent intentional people wrecks the economy’s fabrics.
Corruption is both caused and increased by the change in the value system and the ethical qualities of the administering men. The anachronistic view of the old ideals of morality, services and honesty. Large population size combined with widespread analphabetism.
Complex laws and procedures deter ordinary people from seeking government assistance. Big manufacturers fund politicians to meet high election costs and ultimately seek personal favor. Politicians ‘ corruption buys influences and politicians buy votes for bribery.
Effect of corruption
Corruption in the public service carries high risks to good business. Companies are likely to finalize any unwanted red tapes, small corruption, bribes procedures or deals. To accelerate public services such as police protection, water supply, and government aid, it will be a headache for payments.
Likewise, even in applying for a business license, irregular payments to government officials prove to be a major barrier to business. Prosecution of the abuse of office by public servants is tough, as it requires the authorization of a minister before initiating an appeal. The legal process is hampered by such a legal obstacle.
In addition, delaying judge allocation and creating more courts leads to judicial delay. Personally, when they even have to bribe officials to get a water or electrical connection, companies feel bad. Due to corruption in Nepal, the Nepalese government is unable or unwilling to eradicate poverty.
While rich people get richer, poor people get poorer. Corrupt government employees and mediators offer job opportunities to unqualified and incapable candidates by taking bribe from management with poor decision making.
Corruption hinders economic growth because it makes it more difficult for businesses to emerge and grow. Anyone who wants to start a business in a government with lots of corruption has to bribe a lot of people. This can make getting started very difficult. It will also be necessary for businesses that want to grow to engage in bribery.
Investors will be reluctant to invest in such societies in companies because wiping out their investments through corrupt means is relatively easy. Imagine you’re putting a lot of money into a company, for example, and it becomes the best of its kind in a country. But then comes a competitor with better links to corrupt officials.
The officials are giving favors to that company and putting obstacles in your company’s way. Ultimately, you lose not because their company was better, but because in a corrupt society they had better connections. These kinds of issues are curtailing corrupt countries ‘ economic growth.
Corruption also brings about inequality. Only those with money and connections will prosper when corrupt officials decide who gets business opportunities and government services. There will be far less opportunity for people who are poor or unconnected.
Those already rich or well-connected are going to get more than they already have. This aggravates inequality. Finally, corruption hinders democracy’s growth. If the government is corrupt, people won’t have confidence in it and won’t feel it works for them. If the government is corrupt, people are going to compete to control the government to use it to make money for themselves.
They don’t want government control to help their country. Rather, they will want to control it because it gives them the opportunity to engage in corruption and enrich themselves, their partners, and others around them. This erodes faith in government and creates a culture in which people see government as an opportunity to make money, not as an organization that represents and works for the good of their country.
Solution for the corruption
In some cases, for example, community monitoring initiatives have contributed to detecting corruption, reducing fund leakage, and improving the quantity and quality of public services. The first and foremost solution is to change government processes.
If government members and procedures are transparent, it can dramatically reduce corruption. Moreover, the provision relating to the election of people’s representatives must be strict that if there is any case filed against a person he would not be eligible for election.
Without access to the international financial system, corrupt government officials across the globe would be unable to launder and hide the proceeds from looted state assets. Major financial centers urgently need ways to stop their banks from absorbing illicit money flows and cooperating offshore financial centers.
Reforms aimed at improving financial management and strengthening the role of auditing agencies have had a greater impact on curbing corruption in many countries than reforms in the public sector. Government and watchdog agencies should always keep checking on their source of income and bank accounts for the leaders and their associates.
If suspicious transactions are found, they must be reported to the judiciary. In addition, if any leader fails to carry out his duties properly, they should be sacked from the position. The top government’s post and position should be based on performance. The government should conduct leaders ‘ performance evaluations on a regular basis.
Failure to adhere to good governance practices means that stakeholders are increasingly demanding accountability. Mass action and strikes are organized in protest as citizens start losing faith in their elected officials ‘ ability or willingness. Increasing political instability.
Declines in investment. Investors selling shares decrease companies ‘ value and rating. They may be denied licenses by their regulators, a listing of stock exchanges or the ability to sell products and services. Other organizations refuse to engage with them in business. And donors or economic organizations are giving fewer loans or aid to nations whose governance is gloomy. Organizations are the sum of their share.
Employees and managers who operate in good faith, with integrity and no conflicts of interest, will support the cornerstone of honesty in governance and build confidence from stakeholders. Decisions made, action taken and reporting to stakeholders must be clearly communicated and made available to those affected by the organization.
It should be done within a reasonable time of a request, complaint or concern to listen to stakeholders, take action or report transparently. There must be a separation of powers and a chain of accountability. Friends and family members or suspected conflicts of interest cannot overlap between management layers and senior policymakers, boards of directors. Independence ensures better judgment, risk assessment, and performance. Institutions must comply with the laws, codes, guidelines, and regulations of the nations in which they operate.
Good governance also fulfills mandates, fulfills stakeholder needs, reduces expenditure, simplifies decision-making and action, and makes the best use of the resources available. Good governance enshrines the principle of fairness and treats stakeholders’ equally.
Justice and governance concern the moral responsibility and integrity of individuals within an organization and the behavior of the organization itself. Ensuring that accountability is given to public and private institutions, corporations and individuals entrusted with public resources and civil society means they are accountable to their stakeholders.
Society has a lot of corruption cases. Political leaders are now making interest-oriented programs and policies rather than nation-oriented programs and policies. They simply want to be renowned politicians in order to fulfill their own interests rather than citizens ‘ interests and requirements. In the value system of the human mind, there is a growing level of change as well as a decline in human ethical qualities.
The level of trust, faith, and honesty that leads to corruption is decreasing. There are a growing number of ordinary people with increased corruption tolerance. There is a need for firm and strong steps to curb the threat, and an atmosphere must be created where the good, patriotic, intellectuals come forward to serve the country with pride, virtue, and honesty for the welfare of the people of Nepal.
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Essay on corruption 3000 words
At present one can realize the injustices that take place within our society, it is impossible not to notice how our superiors are corrupt and abuse us in order to benefit in some way.
As people, we let ourselves be manipulated at their pleasure so we make things easier for them and decide to continue doing things that make it difficult for us to live together in society.
It is no secret that our government steals from us, they promise to change before coming to power and when they are just beginning is when they decide to show us what they really want.
And unfortunately, the one that goes up the power with good intentions ends up being corrupted by others or for the same power. In addition, corruption can end up endangering the life and physical integrity of citizens.
For example, the low quality of medical services can cost the life of a sick citizen. The construction of buildings that do not meet the minimum security requirements, can cost the life of a citizen during an earthquake. Bad roads can be very dangerous for truck drivers and their passengers, etc.
Finally, corruption breaks the social fabric as it decreases the confidence of citizens in institutions, government and among themselves. It also affects the ethical level of society as a whole. To the extent that corruption becomes generalized, ethical scruples are lost.
The corrupt take advantage of citizen passivity to commit a crime and most of us wait for others to face the problem. The above is the result that when talking about corruption, different concepts are handled.
Since in the case of a behavior that violates the norms, typifying it is subject to what the community understands as acceptable and personal values. In this context, those who prioritize the accumulation of material wealth, extreme consumption and selfish individualism are corrupted which leads to the disappointment of society and the gradual degradation of the principles that govern public ethics.
What is corruption exactly?
The most common definition of corruption is the abuse of power for personal gain. According to a broader definition, corruption is a breach of trust. There are two approaches to the definition of corruption: in the light of the law or in the light of public opinion.
A law-based definition is based on what is considered corruption in the law, whereas a definition based on public opinion comes from a wider public opinion.
Corruption is manifested in the public, private and third sector. The case when the procurement store manager takes a bribe from the manufacturer to give preference to his product is an example of corruption in the private sector.
Since this is an abuse of his official position and causing damage to the enterprise. A second example of corruption in the private sector is the encouragement of a supervising entrepreneur for neutral oversight or non-oversight.
Surely you know perfectly well what constitutes this concept. Corruption is generally understood as the use of official position for the purpose of obtaining personal gain. As a rule, this concept is identified with the concept of “bribery”.
However, it is worth noting that the meaning of the word “corruption” is not limited to this. The word corruption in Latin translation means “decay, damage.” Corruption has many manifestations: corruption; misappropriation of goods, services and assets (including cash); nepotism, etc. Moreover, corruption exists not only in the city but also in the private sector too.
The key feature of this phenomenon is precisely the conflict of interests of the official and his employer, that is, enterprise, society, state, etc. The main factor determining the existence of corruption is precisely the opportunity to receive any benefit (not necessarily material).
And the key deterrent, in this case, is the opportunity to be punished for what has been done. Other factors that determine the possibility of the existence of corruption are legal skepticism, legal illiteracy of citizens and a low level of civic consciousness.
Corruption is a social phenomenon, and this implies the involvement of two parties in this process. One side provides the second with any benefit in exchange for the satisfaction of their interests, as well as the opportunity to abuse the official position of the other side.
And the second party, in turn, acts as the recipient of this benefit and fulfills the requirements of the first party. This may include the fulfillment/non-fulfillment of his official duties, the provision of any information, etc.
Types of corruption and forms of corruption
The bribe is grouped into ten, which are distinguished as bribery, embezzlement, influence peddling, abuse of functions, hidden enrichment, obstruction of justice, collusion, illegal use of information, nepotism and conspiracy.
This takes place when the public official accepts an amount or a royalty for their functions, which should be done, as part of their work routine. Bribery is the corrupt act that occurred when a public official receives an “extra” monetary, material or any other type of benefit from another person.
So that the official may or may not do something that is his responsibility or that favors anyone delivers the reward. Bribery is a classic act of corruption. It is, perhaps, the quickest one that comes to a person’s mind when they mention an act of corruption.
The big problem with bribes is that they turn officials into oiled gears so that a whole criminal machine advances because, well, money moves the world.
This is an act that has sometimes been classified as theft, it is considered by people as a robbery to the Nation or society. The embezzlement is also known as diverting money, which consists of the person taking funds from the Nation, destined for social work and diverting them to personal budgets or private accounts.
The seriousness of this crime lies in the fact that public budgets are approved for carrying out works or satisfaction of services required by society. If one or several officials take that money, it means that the work in question will not have the financial means to comply, a situation that harms society.
3. Influence peddling:
Although for many this act cannot be considered corruption, for others it is represented by the consequences that derive from it. As it is the case of, placing requests of friends as a priority, when in fact they are not, harming the most destitute.
It is the performance of illicit or unjustified actions through the use of power. For example, a high-ranking official may end up approving a public work and assigning its construction to the company of a friend of his. Not because the work was necessary or the company was fully trained, but simply because the official had the power to make things like that.
4. Abuse of functions:
It is the exaggerated action around the functions that a worker can carry out, being this extremely negative for the person. Since it can incur abuse of power as a consequence of the attitude, being reflected in the non-acceptance of the request or in the non-provision of the service.
It takes place when a public official carries out actions that escape his functions or for which he does not have legal authorization. It’s like when the police take your identity card out of your hands, or when you only stopped your vehicle to get money under the threat that you can have the vehicle left in detention.
5. Hidden enrichment:
This is similar to the diversion of money, but it is that he takes for himself and his personal interests, everything that corresponds to the institution for income.
The law indicates that all public officials must declare the origin of their material acquisitions. If a politician, out of nothing, starts to unite goods and properties without any explanation. It is presumable that, perhaps, that money does not come from the most transparent sources, precisely.
6. Obstruction of justice:
It has a place when an official prevents an act contrary to the law, is reported, whether it is criminal conduct or illegal act, regardless of the nature of the act.
The action of the official is detrimental to the interests of the victim. The obstruction of justice happens when an official tries to prevent a police investigation from progressing or, from the beginning, seeks to prevent the crime from being reported.
Another case in which this takes place is when it is excused from investigations or sentences to people who have great political, economic or social influence.
This type of corruption requires more than two actors, which are not a direct part of the administration. This consists of the orchestrated action of two companies to receive greater financing from the State, under the excuse of works to be built for social welfare.
Collusion is the association of people or companies for the performance of an act of corruption. For example, a couple of businessmen hired by the government can agree to get more benefits from the state, more benefits than they really need.
8. Illegal use of information:
It is understood that public officials have access to all information of users. However, when they use it for purposes that are not pre-established in their activity, they are usurping their functions.
It is the use of information from the State for their own benefit or that of third parties. An example would be an official who handles information about the next business of the State and gives such data to an employer to take advantage with time.
This action is
It is the use of public office to position family members in these circles of power. The reason why it is illegal for family members to exist among public administration positions is that the meritocracy ceases to prevail in order to give benefits to the family.
This is not a family business, this is about the administration of state resources, the correct and honest management of taxes paid by citizens.
This act of corruption has placed among the personalities of the high bureaucratic level, that is, between the bosses. It is the act of corruption state from the person with more power, who leads a whole mechanism of people working under their commands to denier in different ways.
The different types of corruption remains an incurable disease in many societies. The primary objective is to prevent it from spreading. Unfortunately, when corruption is established too long in a government, it ends up perverting the other pillars that make up democracy, including ordinary citizens.
Corruption: Its causes, economic consequences and the impact on the development of society
The consequences of corruption
Nepal is a country with massive endemic corruption. In this state, corruption turns from episodic deviations from moral and legal rules into a carrier structure of power. The norm of relations between citizens and the state. In such a critically painful state, almost every negative consequence turns into a challenge. A list of the main consequences-problem-calls is given below.
1. Corruption becomes a source of corruption. This is an avalanche process in which corruption begets corruption. We proceed from the general premise that corruption is a consequence of inefficiency, like management flaws or problems in public relations.
Large-scale corruption creates new defects and problems, and they, in turn, generate new types of corruption and lead to the expansion of its existing types. As a result, corruption becomes the main source of problems for the country and society, which is happening now in Nepal.
2. Corruption is a giant institutional trap. Most – in government and in society – the costs associated with overcoming corruption, are perceived as significantly exceeding the current costs of corruption itself.
3. Addictive to corruption. According to various sociological data, at least half of Nepalese citizens at least once in their lives fell into a corrupt situation. Corruption has become an informal and widespread practice. In such a situation, informal practice turns into an informal norm, condemned in words, but acceptable by the fact of application, which makes it very difficult to counter it.
4. Corruption is a threat to national security. This idea was repeatedly expressed by both experts and government officials. Large-scale corruption covers all security and law enforcement agencies, and corruption in them is equivalent to their inefficiency. Consequently, the risks of any other threats are growing uncontrollably.
5. Corruption is a threat to public safety. Again, it is important to recall the equivalence of corruption and inefficiency, in particular, the ineffectiveness of monitoring compliance with standards in various fields (construction, fire safety, child care, etc.).
6. Corruption causes the degradation of “human capital”. It was noted above that health care and education are among the most developed markets for everyday corruption.
Therefore, as a result of corruption, life expectancy and the level of people’s health decrease, intellectual capital degrades. No less damaging is the impact of corruption on basic social relations, on morality, which again leads to an increase in corruption and indifference to the possible negative consequences of this growth.
7. Corruption destroys the sphere of law. We are talking about basic legal relations in society, without which its normal existence is unthinkable.
Corruption is expressed, in particular, in the selective application of laws as a result of which an alternative shadow quasi-legal system coexists with official law that distorts and destroys it. With this consequence is connected another, even more serious – a catastrophically growing gap between the laws and their implementation.
8. Corruption forms an abnormal economy in Nepal. In such an economy, the fundamental economic laws are no longer valid. A special example: corruption becomes the main source of cost inflation. The reason is obvious: when bribes become standard business costs, compensation for these costs is included in the price of the goods.
All eight of these consequences-calls interact in various combinations with each other. And reinforce each other, unwinding the spiral of corruption and exacerbating its negative consequences.
Fight against corruption
On December 9, International Day of Fight against Corruption I would not like to miss the opportunity to remember the need that every day should be the fight against corruption.
And rather than fight against corruption, we should focus our efforts on preventing corruption, to avoid seeing ourselves before irreversible situations, when the damage has already occurred and break the spiral of citizen disaffection.
To this end, there are numerous measures and actions that can improve the framework of prevention and fight against corruption, among which we can highlight the following 9:
1.Regulate the role of the Lobbies:
One of the most relevant is the regulation of the lobbies and the role they can play in public management. Their informal existence and often play an important role in making public decisions require maximum transparency to ensure that they can not locate their interests. Particular on the general interest, and for this, it is necessary to formally articulate such participation.
2. Approve a protection statute for the complainant in good faith:
In Nepal, there is no basic norm of protection to the whistleblower in good faith, the basic regulation is also silent on this issue.
3. Establish a sanctioning regime:
And we continue with the regulatory deficiencies, because despite the great progress that has been made in the approval of a basic regulation on transparency.
Perhaps its biggest Achilles heel is given by the inexistence of a penalty system that penalizes breaches of obligations in matters of transparency and good governance. Although some regional regulations do contemplate sanctions, the lack of generalization of the same prevents the real effectiveness of legal provisions.
And generates a disincentive effect, of rules without real effects, since the lack of a culture of regulatory compliance means that without sanctions there is no obligation so that the level of compliance is left to each organization’s criteria.
4. Reinforce and alignment of control bodies:
After the approval of the numerous initiatives, normative and non-normative. In terms of transparency and good governance, the emergence of multiple control bodies: councils/commissions on transparency, access to information, anti-fraud offices, etc. has generalized the perception that there are many organs but that they are not very effective.
Because along with these new bodies the traditional ones are maintained so that the appearance of new cases of corruption seems to point to the need to redefine the model. It would be necessary, on the one hand, to align its operation to ensure its coordination and effectiveness in its action, but also to provide them with sanctioning power and sufficient and adequate personnel and material means to be able to exercise their function.
5. Promote open government:
The participation and collaboration of citizens in the definition of public policies is a great value to prevent and fight against corruption. The society constituted as an agent more than fighting corruption is a great contribution that demands the commitment of the administration to facilitate this collaboration.
In this way, better accountability could be ensured, counting on the citizen’s vision to define objectives and execute policies.
6. Recognize the fundamental nature of the right of access to information:
The right of access is part of that right to a good administration, and its recognition as a fundamental right would not only affect its but also its protection and position in the legal system.
To avoid that the numerous limits, causes of inadmissibility and other legal prescriptions are configured as the biggest obstacle in their exercise.
7. Demarcate the scope of administration of the scope of government:
The fusion and even, at times, confusion between the levels of government and administration pose a serious problem in the fight against corruption. The capture of posts of a technical profile by political slogans, the weaknesses of the level of appointment of certain posts, the partisan control of somebodies.
And the politicization of technical management areas contaminates the public service, changing the priorities of defense of the general interest by interests alien to the common good. Therefore, it is necessary to establish mechanisms that guarantee the independence and impartiality of public employees.
And that prevents them from being placed in the crosshairs of political objectives, but also to modify the strong penetration of political interests in the pure areas of administration.
8. Incorporate big data and AI:
The possibilities offered by the new information and communication technologies are a great ally in the struggle and prevention against corruption.
Open data, the reuse of information and the multiple scenarios that Artificial Intelligence opens up which should be incorporated already in that dimension. But it is that adequate institutional management of the data can offer relevant information in a system of red flags that avoid the commission of irregularities.
9. Inform and reinforce the role of citizens:
The low percentages of requests for access to information, the difficulties in locating active advertising information in the transparency portals. The resistance to open processes for citizen participation, do not contribute to society “creating” this transparency, much less to engage in an active way, their perception is more of “transparency”.
For this reason, it is necessary to promote knowledge of the rights they have, facilitate the tools for their exercise and understand their real utility for the improvement of public service.
Because, as in any other field, cultural change is basic, and it is necessary to count on each and every citizen to become agents of the fight against corruption.
To pass on the message that the public is not anybody, to internalize that the public belongs to everyone and that fraud, corruption, and irregular behavior harm us as a whole society.
The fight against corruption begins with a change in personal attitude and the formation of family values, which should permeate society. As forgers of what constitutes socially accepted norms, the responsibility to facilitate the spread of anti-corruption values rests with political, social and religious leaders, businessmen, educational institutions and the media.
The foregoing is complemented by adequate controls to ensure transparency in the contracting of the state and guarantee proper citizen protection.
Author: – Ankur Pradhan
Essay on corruption 3500 words
Corruption is the misuse of public property, position, power and authority to accomplish the purposes of selfishness to gain personal satisfaction. It concerns anybody in the government or non-governmental organization with the unnecessary and wrong use of both power and position.
It has had an impact on the individual’s growth as well as on the nation and reduces income. It is a major reason for social and community inequalities. In all aspects such as socially, economically and politically, it affects the nation’s growth and development.
Corruption is the abuse of authority for an individual or group’s personal gain. It is the unfair use of public power for certain private benefits by violating some government-made rules and regulations. It has now become a day deeply spread throughout society and has become very strong due to its many roots.
It is like cancer that cannot be stopped without medicine once generated and that continually spreads its roots.
Nowadays, the Nepalese government gives poor people a lot of benefits on the basis of different rules and regulations to bring social awareness among ordinary people as well as social equality. Poor people, however, do not benefit from the benefits given by the government as many officers do corruption secretly between the channels before reaching the poor.
For simply fulfilling their own pockets with money, they are doing corruption against law. Society has many causes of corruption. Instead of nation-oriented programs and policies, political leaders now make interest-oriented programs and policies. They just want to be renowned politicians to fulfill their own interests rather than the interests and requirements of citizens.
There is a growing level of change in the human mind’s value system as well as a decline in human ethical qualities. There is a decrease in the level of trust, faith, and honesty that leads to corruption. There is an increasing number of ordinary people with an increased tolerance for corruption.
There is a lack of strong public forum in society to counter corruption, widespread analphabetism in rural areas; poor economic infrastructure, etc. Are the causes of endemic public life corruption.
Low government employee wage standards force them into the corruption channel. Government’s complex laws and procedures distract common people to get any kind of government assistance. Corruption becomes its highest peak during the election period.
Politicians always support poor and illiterate people during their governance by dreaming them big in the future, but nothing happens after winning.
Causes of corruption
Corruption has spread throughout Nepal as well as abroad as a disease. It has become one of Nepali society’s fastest-growing social issues. Opportunistic leaders generally initiate and promote it.
They never think about the benefits of the nation and do much damage to the nation even for their small advantage through their corruption. They sell in the wrong hands their country properties and spread false beliefs about Nepal in the minds of people living in other countries.
In the Nepal context, corruption is increasing day by day in Nepal because there is a strong connection between the officials, politicians, and criminals that make this country weak and so weak. Nepal gained independence in 1947 and it slowly became strong and evolved, but the corruption disease began in the middle and stopped Nepal from growing forward.
There has been a trend in giving and taking means in Nepal to give some money to get your work done in government offices or offices in the private sector. And now the condition is getting worse and worse, as before, the money has been paid for doing wrong work or just doing work, but money is being paid for getting work done in the right way and in the right time at the moment.
All has become a business and the source of the wrong way to earn money. Very weak students are admitted to top colleges and universities only on the basis of money paid for incorrect admission and the top student with good marks and lack of money gets back into life or are admitted.
There’s no full chance of getting things done on time and in the right way, even after paying full money on demand. There’s nothing left of corruption in every department, whether it’s hospitals, education, work, government offices.
This is another corruption cause. There are many people who like to go for corruption mode to get the job offer because of the lack of job opportunities at will. They will be willing to pay the higher officials or politicians a lump sum amount for the job offer.
The job on the market is less than the number of qualified youth. While many young people are roaming around these days without jobs, others are taking up jobs that do not match their qualifications. These individuals ‘ dissatisfaction and their quest for more earnings lead them to take on corrupt means.
It is omnipresent and is experienced by all the world’s economies. Unemployed people are those of working age who are unemployed but are available at current wage rates for work.
People in our country are getting away with corrupt practices like giving and taking bribes, not paying income tax, following corrupt business management means, etc. There is no strict law for monitoring people’s activities.
Even if people are caught, they are not severely punished for it. That’s why the country’s corruption is high. Even if the anti-corruption officials or media find someone guilty or even caught red-handed, the convicts receive less punishment.
First, they will be suspended for a couple of months or weeks and then re-posted with the same Job grade and pay to another location. So this means that the official who did the corrupt practice is given a free license to continue his practice.
If the government is so strict that any such corrupt incidents will result in permanent removal from the job as well as punishment like several years ‘ imprisonment, then the corruption will fall to a large extent.
If a person is found to be corrupt or has committed some unacceptable misconduct, it must be avoided and not respected. But at present, those with corruption and other history related to offenses are given prominent positions such as parliamentary members or even higher posts.
They are respected rather than being disrespected. It is likely that a society full of educated people will face less corruption. They use unfair and corrupt means to earn their livelihood when people are not educated. Our country’s lower classes undermine the importance of education, leading to increased corruption.
Greed and increased market competition are also reasons for growing corruption. People have become extremely greedy these days. They want to earn more than their relatives and friends and do not hesitate to use corrupt means in this mad rush to realize their dreams.
If a person wants his work done, if possible he gets it done by means of corruption and later criticizes the corrupt official. If the public stands united against corruption in such a way that no one is willing to offer bribes to get their work done, then the corrupt officials will have no choice but to work in a corruption-free way. Politicians try to lure people by offering money and other things during the election.
Everyone wants to free the country from corruption and criticizes the government for doing nothing in this direction. No one is willing to take the initiative and work as a team to get this evil out of the country. No, we don’t. We are all creating corruption, knowingly or unknowingly.
No one is willing to take the initiative and work as a team to get this evil out of the country. There is a lack of transparency in many seat selection processes such as education, job contracts, employee income reports, etc. There is a new law for this purpose: the right to information, but the act is not strong enough to prevent malpractice.
The absence of an independent detective agency to investigate corrupt individuals with full power and freedom. Either the government or the armies control the existing agencies and are not free to work. Therefore anyone who commits an offense will not be afraid of the investigation as they will be able to escape from it by helping those who control them.
All are aware of the causes of corruption. It is said that half of the task will be done once the cause of a problem is identified. It is now time to look for solutions instead of repeatedly discussing the issue.
The government must take it as a responsibility to free Nepal from corruption because if this problem prevails, our country cannot make progress. Every issue that leads to corruption needs to be removed from its roots. For example, the lack of good job opportunities leading to corruption is caused by the increasing population rate.
The government must take strict action to control the country’s population. Likewise, it must work on every aspect to build a corruption-free Nepal. If we get rid of the corruption issue, our country can flourish and grow better. So let’s all do as little as we can to solve this big problem.
However, while individual efforts can work towards freeing the country from corruption if the problem is to be removed from its roots, intervention by the government is needed. In order to get rid of this problem, the Nepalese government must make strict laws.
People who indulge in corrupt practices of any kind must be severely punished. The country’s government officials are known for their laid-back working attitude. Without hesitation, they take a bribe to provide people with various government services. These malpractices are not checked. A common trend in government offices is taking bribes and doing favors for people in power.
This is not to say that any official in government is corrupt. Some of them honestly perform their duties. But the irony is that meagerly earn those who use fair means and those who use corrupt ways earn good and make a better living. Looking at the monetary advantages involved, this path is drawn even to those who are reluctant to follow the corrupt means.
The main reason for this is that people who indulge in these practices are not checked or punished. If the government closely monitors and punishes these employees ‘ actions, only these practices can come to an end.
It’s as bad to give bribe as taking the bribe. We cannot deny the fact that at one point or the other we have given a bribe or seen our parents or relatives give the same. It is common practice to offer money to the traffic police to cross red light or to give money to get some form submitted after the due date.
Even though we know it’s morally wrong and that by doing so we’re only going to add to corruption, sometimes we’re still thinking it’s going to benefit us at the moment and hardly have any bigger impact. We wouldn’t indulge in it, though, if we knew we could end up in trouble doing so.
If we know we can be fined or our license can be seized or we can be put behind bars to indulge in anything like that then we wouldn’t dare indulge in it. It must assume the responsibility of freeing the country from corruption.
There is no quality of service in a corrupted system. You might need to pay for it to demand quality. This is seen in many areas such as municipality, electricity, distribution of relief funds, etc. If a person has to purchase a similar medicine due to corruption in education, then the candidate will not like to provide quality health service after completion of his course if there is insufficient remuneration for his service.
By buying it, additional candidates who do not have the ability can also enter the same seat. He may not be sufficiently competent even though he becomes a medical practitioner.
Judicial corruption leads to inappropriate justice. And the offense’s victims might suffer. Due to lack of evidence or even the evidence erased, a crime can be proved as a benefit of the doubt. The investigation process has been going on for decades due to corruption in the police system. This allows the perpetrators to roam freely and even perform more crimes. There are even opportunities for criminals because of the delayed investigation due to old age.
With an example, we can see this. Private institutes of education and training are allowed to begin providing education. This permit is granted on the basis of infrastructure and adequate recruitment of eligible personnel. There are good opportunities for corruption here.
The management of the institute or college tries to bribe the quality inspectors in order to obtain permits. Although there is not enough eligible staff, these institutes obtain permission from the inspectors that lead to unemployment. If inspectors did not corrupt, there would be a chance for more jobs.
More health problems among people can be noticed in countries with more corruption. There will be no fresh drinking water, proper roads, quality supply of food grains, milk adulteration, and so on.
These low-quality services are all done to save money by the contractors and the involved officials. Even the medicine provided for hospitals in hospitals is of inferior quality. So all of these can contribute to the common man’s ill health.
In the form of water pollution, air pollution, and land pollution, pollution is mostly emitted. Vehicles and factories are responsible for this pollution. Governments have a monitor on this pollution through regular inspection of vehicle emissions as well as industrial exhausts.
Government department corruption allows industry people to choose to release untreated and harmful waste into rivers and air. There can be fair probes if there is no corruption. The industry staff will then treat the waste in such a way that it is less toxic and harmless to the environment and its people.
Without proper checking of driving skills in the driver, driving license sanction leads to accidents and death. There are countries where you can drive a license without any tests due to corruption.
Individual research needs funding from the government. Some of the agencies in funding have corrupt officers. These individuals sanction the research funds to those researchers who are willing to bribe them.
They do not sanction the funds to genuine and hard-working researchers in doing so. Research and development will, therefore, lag behind. This does not seem to be an issue for the general public. But if we notice the resistance of microbes to drugs, we can know that for the efficient treatment of resistant microbes, no new compounds have been discovered in the last few decades.
People start to disregard the corruption official by talking about him negatively. But when they work with him or her, they approach them again by thinking that if some monetary benefits are provided, the work will be done. Also, disregard for officials will create distrust.
Even the office of the lower grade will disrespect the officer of a higher grade. So he might not even obey his orders. There were even incidents where a police officer of lower grade kidnapped a senior officer for not offering him leave when asked.
There are many incidents in which foreign investors willing to come back to developing countries has gone back due to severe corruption in government bodies. In a month, a work that can be done in a couple of days can be done.
This leads to delays in investment, industry start-ups and growth as well. Even if started, the growth of the company hinders as any work associated with officials is delayed due to the need to provide bribes or other benefits. If the region is unsuitable, many new industries willing to start in a particular region will change their plans.
The companies don’t want to start up there if there are no proper roads, water, and electricity. This hinders the region’s economic progress.
Some countries have inefficient institutes of standard control. Or in other words, these standard institutes of control are corrupt in being able to approve for sale in their country low-quality products.
That’s why you can see countries producing cheap products dumping them on big markets. These countries can produce cheap quality products, but they are unable to dump in countries with strict standard institutes of control.
They can do this only in countries with the chance of standard control of corrupt officials. One best example is products that can’t just be dumped into Europe and US markets can be done with poor import regulations and quality controls on other country markets.
Thus, trade deficits arise that these countries are unable to produce their own products at a lower price than those that export to them. So if corruption is minimized than these countries, exports and imports with other countries will have fewer trade deficits, and their economies can thrive.
Effects and consequences of corruption
Corruption leads to wealth and prosperity loss that is a major loss to Nepal’s future. Nepal has been showing growth in the corruption rate for the past ten years, where the country has lost billions and billions of dollars of money in various scams that are the money of the taxpayer.
Because of corruption, many development projects take unnecessary delay to complete them. In all fields such as sports, technology, medicine, research, economy, defense, and infrastructure, this leads backward.
Public service corruption carries high risks for good business. Companies are likely to finalize any procedures or deals with unwanted red tapes, small corruption, bribes. It will be a headache for payments to speed up public services such as police protection, water supply, and government aid.
Likewise, even for applying for a business license, irregular payments to government officials prove to be a major obstacle to business. Personally, companies feel bad when they even have to bribe officials to get water or electrical connection.
The Nepalese government is unable or lacking the will to eradicate poverty due to corruption in Nepal. While wealthy people are getting richer, poor people are getting poorer.
Corrupt government employees and mediators offer jobs to unskilled and incapable candidates by taking bribe with poor decision-making from the management. When good private sector employees are also faced with harassment in Nepal due to government policies and corruption, they move to foreign countries. For the country as a developing nation, this is a tremendous loss without the contribution of talented and creative people that can never grow.
In Nepal, there is a high risk of corruption while dealing with the judiciary of Nepal, especially in the lower courts, putting the common man under great stress. With bribes frequently exchanged for favorable court decisions, people lose faith in the judiciary.
Furthermore, the prosecution of public servants ‘ abuse of office is tough, as it requires a minister’s authorization before launching an appeal. Such a legal obstacle is hampering the legal process. Furthermore, delaying the allocation of judges and creating more courts leads to judicial delay.
When it comes to resource shortages, the efficiency of the court system is negatively affected; the current case backlog runs into crores.
Nepal has plenty of natural resources, but Nepal’s corruption leads to the loss of valuable resources. Widespread problems in illegal sand mining also severely disrupt water resources in the country as a result of lost revenue. Mining industry corruption is common, leading to enormous government revenue. This is mainly due to the lack of oversight and transparency, for instance, it is estimated that almost half of the iron ore exported from Goa State has been illegally mined.
Changing government processes is the first and foremost solution. If government members and procedures are transparent, corruption can be dramatically reduced.
Furthermore, the provision concerning the election of representatives of the people must be strict that if there is any case filed against a person he would not be eligible for election. There is already a provision in Nepal that no person as a criminal is permitted as a parliamentarian or legislative member. The first step towards zero corruption would be effectively offered.
Second, offering direct government-public connectivity. By increasing direct contact between government and the governed, this can reduce corruption. E-governance could be very helpful in this direction.
Thirdly, In addition, the cases of corruption should be monitored as mere reporting of the evil practice is not enough for effective eradication. Government and watchdog agencies should always keep checking for the leaders and their associates on their source of income and bank accounts.
They must be reported to the judiciary if any suspicious transactions are found. Furthermore, if any leader does not properly perform his duties, they should be sacked from the position. Post and position of the top government should be based on performance. The government should regularly conduct performance assessments of leaders.
Finally, there is a need for strong and effective leadership. All those given powers and authority through election should fulfill their promises and commitments made to people. They should strive hard to eradicate government corruption. Remove undesirable obstacles and even laws that help the corrupt escape punishment.
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